Refuges excavated in mount Rontegui

Description of events

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According to Sancho de Beurko, the Association for the Study of the Civil War in Euskadi, this shelter “consists of four entrances dug into the mountainside and made in a vaulted form with brick. All of them are bricked up a few meters from the outside, which seems to indicate that if these entrances were reopened, it would be possible to access the interior and see the state it is in, although the entrances to it from Buen Pastor or Obispo Padre street Olaetxea Plaza is closed today due to the urbanization works of what was once the land of the Sefanitro company ”.

The historian Koldobika López mentions the existence of a refuge in the area for which “a tunnel was dug in the direction of Lutxana, and the other in the direction of Barakaldo. The intention was for the two tunnels to make contact in the middle and create a single tunnel under Mt. This did not happen like that, and when they realized the calculation errors, they tried to make new entries that at the end they left without finishing ”(p.135). 

Ibáñez points out that “tunnels were made in the foothills of Mount Róntegui, on the sides of ‘La Roja’ and what is now Sefanitro” (p.101). One of the sides of the aforementioned tunnel could be this refuge.


Brena, JA (September 12, 2016). Approach to the built heritage of the Barakaldo Civil War. Recovered from:

LÓPEZ, Koldobika (2016). The Civil War in Barakaldo. Eleven months of resistance. Bilbao: Beta Editions.

IBÁÑEZ, Carlos (1991). General history of Barakaldo. Baracaldo: San Antonio Bookstore.

IBÁÑEZ, Carlos (1987). Baracaldo: stories of a town. The Spanish Post the Basque People, DL

Place reference

Calle Buen Pastor or Obispo Padre Olaetxea Plaza

State of conservation

Also called the Sefanitro refuge. Difficult access to the refuge. It is located right in front of the lot where Sefanitro was.

Oraingo argazkia

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